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FRA/UNDP/WB/EC report on the situation of Roma in 11 EU Member States [editar]

The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), World Bank and European Commission have released a joint report on the socio-economic situation of Roma in 11 EU Member States.

29/05/2012
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The vast majority of Roma continue to face discrimination, poverty and social exclusion across the EU, according to a new report published jointly by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the World Bank and the European Commission. The report is based on two surveys on the socio-economic situation of Roma and non-Roma sharing the same environment, labour market and social infrastructure in 11 EU Member States and 6 neighbouring European countries. It demonstrates that the situation of Roma, in terms of employment, poverty and material deprivation, is significantly worse than that of non-Roma living in close proximity to Roma.

"These survey results paint a grim picture of the current situation of the Roma across the 11 EU Member States surveyed," said FRA Director Morten Kjaerum. "Discrimination and anti-gypsyism persist. The results show that swift, effective action is needed, particularly to improve Roma education. This is key to unlock their future potential, and it will equip young Roma with the skills they need to escape the vicious cycle of discrimination, exclusion and poverty." The report shows that in the 11 EU Member States surveyed, where the overwhelming majority of Roma EU citizens live, the situation of Roma in the areas of employment, education, housing and health is on average significantly worse than the situation of non-Roma living in close proximity. Roma continue to experience discrimination and are not sufficiently aware of their rights guaranteed by EU law.

Some key findings:

  • only 15% of young Roma adults surveyed have completed upper-secondary general or vocational education, compared with more than 70 % of the majority population living nearby;
  • on average, less than a third of Roma surveyed are in paid employment and at least another third report being unemployed;
  • on average, about 90 % of the Roma surveyed live in households with an equivalised
    income below national poverty lines;
  • about 45% of the Roma surveyed live in households lacking at least one of the following: an indoor kitchen, toilet, shower or bath, or electricity;
  • on average, about 40% of Roma surveyed live in households where somebody went to bed hungry at least once in the last month because they could not afford to buy food.

"The partnership developed among four international organisations [FRA, UNDP, World Bank and European Commission] during the process of this research delivers a strong message: the challenges the Roma population faces are so grave that they require a concerted response. This publication is an example that such a united and coordinated approach is possible and that it delivers results," said Andrey Ivanov, UNDP Senior Policy Advisor, Human Development and Roma inclusion.

The surveys have documented the situation on the ground. The results provide policy makers with the necessary evidence for designing effective policy responses to address the situation. The survey results have fed into the European Commission's landmark Communication on an EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies, which was also presented in Brussels on 23 May 2012.

The preliminary report, which will be complemented by thematic reports in the coming months, is available here:'The situation of Roma in 11 EU Member States - Survey results at a glance'

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