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The European Commission’s Report on Spain 2020 states that the Roma community shows “high social vulnerability” [editar]

03/03/2020
FSg Internacional

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The European Commission’s Report on Spain 2020 states that the Roma community shows “high social vulnerability”

This report, which assesses the progress made by Spain within the European Semester framework, uses data from our “Comparative study on the situation of the Roma population in Spain in relation to employment and poverty, 2018” in its analysis

Last 26th February, the European Commission published its Country Report Spain 2020, one of a series in which the socioeconomic challenges facing the countries of the European Union are analysed. The series also assesses the progress made by each country on the shared strategy for sustainable growth, which is aimed at constructing an economy which works for people and for the planet, a process known as the European Semester.

For the second year running, the Commission makes explicit reference to the situation of the Roma community in Spain and, on this occasion, the analysis is based on data from the “Comparative study on the situation of the Roma population in Spain in relation to employment and poverty, 2018” carried out by the Fundación Secretariado Gitano and presented in 2019. In fact, the FSG had the opportunity to convey this information to the European Commission delegation responsible for holding a series of meetings with representatives of the main social organisations in our country, in a process of consultation and participation feeding into the production of the country report.

The Report highlights the situation of social vulnerability of the Roma community, pointing out that “Only 17% of Roma complete lower secondary education and 63% of young Roma are neither in employment, nor in education or training (Fundación Secretariado Gitano, 2019)”. It also indicates the serious impact of this educational situation on employment opportunities and on poverty for the Roma community: “Poor educational outcomes result in low employment rate (30%), very high unemployment (52%) and extremely high at risk-of-poverty or social exclusion (92%)”.

These results, according to the European Commission, “are consistent with the work of the Fundamentals Rights Agency (FRA, 2016), which showed that Roma in Spain face similar challenges to those of other deprived Roma communities in the EU”.

The Report concludes its remarks about the Roma community by referring to the current political framework for the promotion of the inclusion of the Roma population, and by identifying the main challenge in this respect: “The 2012-2020 National Roma Integration Strategy will need to be updated in the near future. There are also some regional strategies (e.g. Andalusia, Catalonia). They face the challenge of achieving a real impact on sectoral policies”.

At the Fundación Secretariado Gitano, we believe it is essential to take the situation of the Roma community into account in political spaces such as the European Semester. This is a framework for economic governance in the European Union within which economic and budgetary policies are coordinated, along with the structural reforms necessary to foster economic growth and employment, in accordance with the Europe 2020 Strategy. 

Translation from the spanish media newspaper: "Non-EU migrants and Roma population continue to face integration challenges. Non-EU born people face a much higher risk of severe material deprivation (14.8%) than natives (3.9%). They are more exposed to precarious working conditions and to in-work poverty (44.3%, compared to 17.1% for natives). The Roma community also shows high social vulnerability. Only 17% of Roma complete lower secondary education and 63% of young Roma are neither in employment, nor in education or training (Fundación Secretariado Gitano, 2019). Poor educational outcomes result in low employment rate (30%), very high unemployment (52%) and extremely high at risk-of-poverty or social exclusion (92%). These results are consistent with the work of the Fundamentals Rights Agency (FRA, 2016), which showed that Roma in Spain face similar challenges to those of other deprived Roma communities in the EU. The 2012-2020 National Roma Integration Strategy will need to be updated in the near future. There are also some regional strategies (e.g. Andalusia, Catalonia. They face the challenge of achieving a real impact on sectoral policies"

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